• 1000

    1066

    Gilbert came to England with Conqueror

    1141

    Raufe Grosvenor fought at the Battle of Lincoln

    c. 1160

    Land at Little Budworth, Cheshire, granted to Robert Grosvenor by Hugh Kevelioc, Fifth Earl of Chester

    1190–1193

    Richard Grosvenor accompanied Richard I (the Lionheart) on his Crusade

    1234

    Land at Hulme, Cheshire, granted to Richard Grosvenor by Graham de Lostock

    1346

    Robert Grosvenor fought at the Battle of Crecy

    1385–1390

    Lawsuit between the Grosvenor and le Scrope families over the right to bear the arms azure a bend or (a gold diagonal on a blue background)

    1066

    Battle of Hastings. William of Normandy defeats Harold and becomes the first Norman King of England

    1141

    Battle of Lincoln. Matilda, widow of Henry V captures Stephen and reigns disastrously as Queen; she is driven out by a popular rising and Stephen restored

    1215

    Signing of Magna Carta. English barons force John to agree to a statement of their rights

    1301

    Edward I of England invests his baby son Edward as Prince of Wales

    1314

    Battle of Bannockburn. Robert Bruce defeats Edward II and makes Scotland independent

    1346

    Edward III of England invades France with a large army and defeats an even bigger army under Philip VI at the Battle of Crecy

    1348

    Black Death (bubonic plague) reaches England

    1381

    Peasants’ Revolt

    1400
  • 1400

    c. 1443

    Raufe Grosvenor married the heiress Joan of Eton (later Eaton) and Eaton became the family home of the Grosvenors

    1515–1551

    Sir Thomas, knighted c. 1548

    1584–1645

    Sir Richard, Sheriff, JP and MP for Cheshire; created Baronet 1622

    1597

    Crest of a talbot (a hunting dog) added to arms

    1634

    Sir Richard Grosvenor, Second Baronet (c1604–1665) acquired the freehold of mines and minerals in North Wales, an extremely valuable source of income

    1642–1647

    Grosvenors supported the King in the Civil War. Their estates were sequestered and they had to pay a fine to reclaim them

    1675–1683

    Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Third Baronet (1655–1700) had Eaton Hall built by architect William Samwell, to replace an earlier moated Hall situated to the south of the new building

    1677

    Sir Thomas Grosvenor marries Mary Davies

    1415

    Henry V invades France, and defeats the French at Agincourt

    1455–1485

    War of the Roses – civil wars in England between royal houses of York and Lancaster

    1588

    The Spanish Armada is defeated by the English fleet. War between Spain and England continues until 1603

    1605

    Gunpowder Plot; Guy Fawkes and other Roman Catholic conspirators fail in attempt to blow up Parliament and James I

    1642–1645

    Civil War; begins with battle of Edgehill between Cavaliers (Royalists) and Roundheads (Parliamentarians)

    1649

    Charles I is tried and executed

    1665

    Great Plague in London

    1666

    Great Fire of London

    1700
  • 1700

    1704

    The Grosvenors’ Welsh lead mines leased to the London Lead Company and the income made possible further development of the Grosvenor Estate in London

    1720s

    These three Grosvenors helped develop the Mayfair estate during the 1720s
    Sir Richard Grosvenor, Fourth Baronet (1689–1732)
    Sir Thomas Grosvenor, Fifth Baronet (1693–1733)
    Sir Robert Grosvenor, Sixth Baronet, MP for Chester (1695–1755)

    1730

    Jane Warre marries Sir Robert Grosvenor

    1761

    Sir Richard Grosvenor (1731–1802) created Baron Grosvenor of Eaton. Talbot supporters added to coat of arms

    1761–1772

    Eaton Park landscaped, attributed to Capability Brown, contractors William Emes and Thomas Leggett

    1784

    Sir Richard Grosvenor created Earl Grosvenor

    1707

    The Act of Union unites the kingdoms of England and Scotland and transfers the seat of Scottish Government to London

    1715

    The Jacobite Rebellion begins in Scotland to overthrow George 1

    1746

    The Duke of Cumberland crushes the Scottish Jacobites at the Battle of Culloden

    1769

    James Watt patents the Steam Engine

    1773

    The World's first cast-iron bridge is constructed over the River Severn at Coalbrookdale

    1792

    Coal gas is used for lighting for the first time

    1800
  • 1800

    1803–1814

    Eaton Hall rebuilt, architect William Porden

    1804–1812

    Eaton gardens landscaped by John Webb

    1806–1808

    Grosvenor House (formerly Gloucester House) altered to become the Grosvenors’ London home

    1824–1825

    Iron Bridge built at Eaton, attributed to Thomas Telford, contractor John Hazeldine

    1825

    Development of Belgravia begins

    1831

    Robert Grosvenor (1767–1845) created First Marquess of Westminster

    1831

    The arms of the City of Westminster were granted as a coat of augmentation when the Second Earl Grosvenor became First Marquess

    1836

    London, 53 Davies Street office opened

    1845

    Richard Grosvenor (1795–1869) Second Marquess of Westminster inherits title

    1800

    Act of Union with Ireland unites Parliaments of England and Ireland

    1805

    Battle of Trafalgar. Lord Nelson defeats French

    1815

    The defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo

    1825

    The World's first railway service, the Stockton and Darlington Railway opens

    1829

    The Metropolitan Police Force is set up by Robert Peel

    1840

    The penny post is instituted

    1845–1849

    Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people

    1845–1856

    The Crimean War

    1850
  • 1850

    1869

    Hugh Lupus Grosvenor (1825–1899) Third Marquess of Westminster inherits title

    1870

    Eaton Hall rebuilt to a design by architect Alfred Waterhouse

    1874

    Hugh Lupus created First Duke of Westminster

    1880

    Constance dies of Bright’s disease

    1882

    Hugh Lupus marries Katherine Cavendish

    1899

    Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor (1879–1953), grandson of Hugh Lupus, inherits the Dukedom

    1851

    The Great Exhibition is staged in Hyde Park

    1863

    First motor car journey

    1866

    First Radio Transmission

    1876

    Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the first telephone

    1879

    Thomas Alva Edison patents the electric light bulb

    1853 - 1856

    Crimean War

    1900
  • 1900

    1901

    The Second Duke married Constance Cornwallis-West (known as Shelagh).
    Marriage ends in divorce in 1919

    1914

    Eaton Hall is used as a hospital for wounded soldiers

    1914

    Lord Hugh William Grosvenor’s squadron is lost at Zandvoorde

    1916

    Second Duke’s armoured car rescue of the prisoners of the Senussi tribe who were taken from the ship Tara. The Duke received the DSO for this successful mission

    1917

    War Office take over Eaton Hall to be used as a military hospital for 250 officers

    1920

    Second Duke marries Violet Rowley. Marriage ends in divorce in 1926

    1903

    Orville Wright makes the first controlled aeroplane flight

    1912

    Titanic sinks on maiden voyage. Captain Scott's last expedition – he and his team die on way back from the South Pole

    1913

    Suffragette demonstrations in London

    1914–1918

    First World War

    1925
  • 1925

    1930

    Second Duke marries Loelia Ponsonby. Marriage ends in divorce in 1947

    1943–1946

    Eaton Hall used as the base for the Royal Naval College

    1945

    Gerald Hugh Grosvenor marries Sally Perry

    1946

    Robert George Grosvenor marries the Honourable Viola Lyttelton

    1946–1960

    Eaton Hall leased to the War Office as an Officer Cadet Training School

    1947

    Second Duke marries Anne Sullivan

    1947

    First investigations into overseas property

    1928

    Women get the same voting rights as men

    1936

    Edward VIII abdicates

    1939–1945

    Second World War

    1950
  • 1950

    1953

    Third Duke, William Grosvenor (1894–1963) inherits the Dukedom

    1953

    Grosvenor Estate makes first overseas property investment at Annacis Island, Vancouver

    1953

    Sale of Pimlico Estate

    1963

    Fourth Duke, Gerald Hugh Grosvenor (1907–1967) inherits the Dukedom

    1963

    Demolition of Waterhouse Hall complete

    1967

    Fifth Duke, Robert George Grosvenor (1910–1979) inherits the Dukedom

    1971

    The Dennys Hall is built at Eaton on part of the site of the Waterhouse Hall

    1953

    Hilary and Tenzing climb Everest

    1963

    Great Train Robbery

    1969

    First men land on the moon

    1975
  • 1975

    1977

    Grosvenor San Francisco office opened

    1978

    Earl Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor marries Natalia Phillips

    1979

    Gerald Cavendish Grosvenor (1951–2016) inherits the Dukedom

    1987

    Grosvenor Edinburgh office opened

    1989

    Eaton Hall re-designed

    1988

    Grosvenor Washington office opened

    1994

    Grosvenor Hong Kong office opened

    1996

    Grosvenor Luxembourg office opened

    1997

    Grosvenor Calgary office opened

    1998

    Grosvenor Paris office opened

    1975

    First personal computers introduced

    1997

    Diana, Princess of Wales, killed in car crash in Paris

    2000
  • 2000

    2000

    Grosvenor Group move to new headquarters

    2000

    Creation of the current corporate structure of the Grosvenor Estate

    2001

    Grosvenor Tokyo office opened

    2003

    Grosvenor Liverpool office opened

    2004

    Grosvenor Shanghai office opened

    2005

    Grosvenor Philadelphia office opened

    2006

    Grosvenor Madrid office opened

    2006

    Grosvenor Milan office opened

    2011

    Grosvenor Stockholm office opened

    2012

    Creation of new investment arm, Wheatsheaf Group.

    2012

    Another generation grow amongst current members of the Grosvenor family

    2001

    Twin Towers Terrorist Attack in New York

    2005

    Ban on hunting with dogs came into force in England and Wales